INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANT DISCLOSURES
This Agreement represents a legally binding agreement between me (us) and Futu, Inc. Prior to executing this Agreement, I (we) have reviewed the disclosures set forth below.
About Futu Inc.
Futu Inc. (“Futu”) is a broker-dealer registered with and regulated by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”). Futu is based in California. For further information about Futu, please see the information at Broker-Check https://brokercheck.finra.org/firm/summary/283078.
Futu will assist its customers in executing trades in securities and will provide them with certain information about U.S. securities markets. However, Futu does not provide investment recommendations nor does it provide tax, legal, accounting or actuarial advice. I understand that I should consult with appropriate professionals for such advice.
About My Brokerage Account
I am opening a brokerage account at Futu. My brokerage account may be used to purchase and sell securities in the United States. Futu has entered into an agreement with Interactive Brokers, a New York-based broker-dealer, to clear trades on behalf of its clients. Futu may enter into clearing arrangements with other broker-dealers in the future. Futu introduces trades on an omnibus basis, which means that the clearing broker will not have my individual information. Futu will send confirmations and account statements to me. However, the clearing broker will maintain custody of my securities and other property in a separate omnibus account for the benefit of Futu’s customers.
Brokerage accounts are protected by the Securities Insurance Protection Corporation (“SIPC”), which provides limited protection over an investor's cash and/or certain securities if a brokerage firm fails, subject to limitations and restrictions. SIPC does not protect against declines in market value. For details, please see www.sipc.org.
About Investment Risk
Investments in stocks, bonds, mutual funds and other instruments are subject to risks, including possible loss of the amount invested. The value of investments may fluctuate; when I sell my investments, I may receive more or less than I originally invested. Investments in securities are not insured against a decline in market value.
I understand that I should carefully evaluate any potential investment before making an investment decision. Futu has advised me to make investment decisions only when I understand an investment, and am willing to accept the nature of the investment and the related risks.
Certain investments may be more suitable for long-term investors who can bear the risk of market fluctuations.
Day-trading may entail additional risks that should be carefully evaluated before undertaking this strategy.
Securities traded over-the-counter may be less liquid than exchange-traded securities and may have greater price volatility.
Investments in foreign securities may involve additional risk and the issuers of such securities may not be subject to the same disclosure requirements as U.S. companies.
New issues involve additional risk and prospective investors should always read carefully the prospectus and other investment materials before investing in a new issue.
There is no guarantee that money market funds will maintain a stable value.
About My Responsibilities
I am responsible for my investments. Futu has advised me to ask questions and read all appropriate information about investment opportunities.
I will provide Futu with complete and accurate information about my personal financial situation and be clear about my goals and risk tolerance. I will contact Futu promptly if there are significant changes in my personal financial situation.
I will promptly review all account statements and confirmations for accuracy. I will contact Futu promptly if there are any mistakes.
I will not sign any blank or incomplete documents.
About Futu’s Fees
I understand that Futu will benefit from executing transactions on my behalf by receiving commissions or other transaction-based compensation every time I buy or sell a security. The commissions and fees Futu earns are not based upon the profitability of my account. They are based upon the value and volume of trades I undertake through Futu. In addition, commissions may vary by product or service. I understand that information about Futu’s fees and charges is available on their website and on the attached Fee Schedule.
Mandatory Arbitration of Disputes
I understand that disputes related to my Account are subject to a mandatory arbitration clause as set forth in Section 11 of this Agreement.
means each brokerage account I open with you or have an interest in.
means this agreement as well as any supplemental agreements and disclosures that apply to my Account.
means a mobile application designed by affiliates of Futu and distributed under the name “Futu NiuNiu” or “Moomoo”.
means all applicable federal and state laws, rules and regulations, the rules of FINRA and any other applicable self-regulatory organization, and the applicable rules, regulations, customs, and usages of the exchange or market and its clearinghouse.
means the services you may provide me under this Agreement.
means Monday through Friday, excluding market holidays in the United States.
means Interactive Brokers LLC or such other U.S. broker-dealer with whom you may enter into a clearing arrangement.
“I”, “me”, “us” or “my”
refers to the customer signing this account-opening Agreement and any other person who has an interest in the Account.
means all information, tools, and services available on your website or through the App that are provided by a third party, including financial and investment tools, market data, reports, alerts, calculators and similar information relating to markets and investments.
means Futu, Inc.
I am responsible for all trading decisions in my Accounts
I understand that Accounts opened with you are self-directed and I am responsible for all purchase and sell orders, all decisions to hold a security and all decisions to implement, continue with or terminate an investment strategy.
Futu does not make investment recommendations
I understand that Futu is the business of executing trades in accordance with the instructions of its clients. Futu does not make any recommendations regarding specific investments or investment strategies. You have informed me that any market data or Third-Party Content available through the App or your website is made available for informational and educational purposes only. I understand that such content is not tailored for my individual circumstances, does not constitute an investment recommendation and should not be relied upon as personalized investment advice.
All investments involve risk
I understand that all investments involve risk, including the possible loss of principal, and that I am responsible for evaluating that risk.
My Accounts will be carried at the Clearing Broker
I understand that you are an introducing broker that introduces trades on an omnibus basis to the Clearing Broker for execution. I understand that the assets in my Accounts will be held at the Clearing Broker unless I instruct otherwise.
I will pay you fees and commissions for your Brokerage Services
I understand that, every time I buy or sell a security, I will incur charges for commissions or other fees. I agree to pay such commissions, charges, taxes, and other fees applicable to my Account. Current commission pricing and other fees are available on your website. You may change your fees and commissions at any time. Changes will be posted on your website or described in a notice to me. A portion of such commissions and fees will be paid to the Clearing Broker. If my Account is an IRA or other retirement plan account, my Account may be charged fees that the particular plan has authorized to be paid to service providers other than you or the Clearing Broker.
I am responsible for reviewing Account statements and confirmations
I am responsible for promptly reviewing trade confirmations and Account statements. These documents will be considered correct and binding on me unless I notify you of any errors or objections within five (5) days from the date confirmations are sent and within ten (10) days after Account statements are sent.
Futu will not monitor my Accounts
I understand that Futu will not monitor my Accounts and that I am responsible for monitoring events or developments that may affect securities held in my Accounts. Unless required by Applicable Law, Futu will not contact me about such events or developments.
Although Futu may notify me of certain corporate actions such as stock splits or repurchase offers related to securities held in my Accounts, I understand and agree that it my responsibility to monitor such corporate actions and I agree that, except as may be required by Applicable Law, Futu will have no liability to me for failure to provide timely notification of any such corporate actions.
You may follow my instructions with respect to transactions to be effected in my Accounts
You may accept and act on instructions from me or from my agent who has been authorized in a writing delivered to you to act on my behalf with respect to my Accounts. You may rely upon the validity of any such written authorization and I understand that you will not independently assess the validity of my agent’s authority. You may refuse any order, or delay placing any order, if you determine that an order requires clarification from me. I will not hold you responsible for any losses caused by the rejection or delay.
SIPC protects against broker-dealer insolvency, not market losses
You and the Clearing Broker are members of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (“SIPC”), which, in the event of a broker-dealer’s insolvency, protects securities customers of its members up to $500,000 (including $250,000 for claims for cash). An explanatory brochure is available on request at www.sipc.org. SIPC only protects against brokerage insolvency and does not protect against loss in market value of the securities in your Accounts.
To obtain information about SIPC, including the SIPC brochure, I can contact SIPC at:
address Securities Investor Protection Corporation
805 15th St, N.W., Suite 800 Washington, D.C. 20005-2215
I am responsible for keeping up to date any designation of beneficiaries on my Accounts
I understand that the beneficiaries on my Accounts (if any) will not be changed unless I submit to you a new beneficiary designation. The identity of beneficiaries will not be automatically updated as a result of my marriage, divorce, birth of children or similar events.
I will comply with applicable laws
I agree to comply with all laws, rules, and regulations applicable to my Accounts.
Legal capacity; binding Agreement
I am of legal age under the laws of the state or other jurisdiction where I reside to enter into legal contracts. I am of sound mind and have full authority and capacity to enter into this Agreement. I understand that this Agreement is binding upon me.
Accuracy of information
All the information I provide you is true and correct. I will promptly notify you in writing within ten (10) Business Days if I discover any errors or after any change in the information I have provided to you. You may rely upon all information I provide you.
Interest in Accounts
I represent that no one except me (us) and any beneficiaries designated in writing, has an interest in any of my (our) Account(s) (unless I am opening the Account as a fiduciary).
If there is more than one Account owner, then the provisions of the Agreement apply to each owner. Accounts of husbands and wives in community property states will be held in the name of husband and wife as community property unless we instruct you otherwise; any other Joint Account will be held jointly with rights of survivorship unless I notify you of a different form of ownership and provide such documentation as you require. You will have no liability for any loss that may arise due to taking instructions from one owner or requiring instructions from all owners. If I am married, I may establish an account with my spouse as tenants by entirety. I will notify you if I become legally divorced.
You will take reasonable measures to protect the privacy and confidentiality of information in your possession about my Accounts and about me. I have received your Privacy Statement which explains how you collect and protect my information. The Privacy Statement also explains the circumstances under which you may share my information with third parties. The Privacy Statement is part of this Agreement.
Account number and password
I will receive a password and/or access number that provides electronic access to my Account. Account numbers, User IDs, passwords and PINs are confidential, and I am responsible for protecting their confidentiality. I agree to be responsible for all activity in my Account.
Phone Conversations and Electronic Communications
You may record and monitor any telephone, video, or electronic communications with me.
I authorize you and the Clearing Broker to request my credit reports to verify my creditworthiness and to provide information to credit agencies. Upon request, you will inform me whether a report was requested and provide me with the name and address of the credit-reporting agency that furnished the report. Negative credit information may be submitted to a credit-reporting agency if I fail to fulfill the terms of my credit obligations.
Trusted Contact Authorization
If I elect to provide Trusted Contact information to you, you are authorized to communicate, verbally and in writing, with the Trusted Contact Person(s) named on the applicable Trusted Contact Authorization Form, or by other such means as I may provide Trusted Contact information to you. I understand that any communication with the Trusted Contact Person(s) may include information about my Account and any other accounts at Futu in which I may have an interest.
I understand that you may contact the Trusted Contact Person(s) for the following reasons: (1) if there are questions or concerns about my whereabouts or health status; (2) if you suspect that I may be a victim of fraud or financial exploitation; (3) if you suspect that I might no longer be able to handle my financial affairs; (4) to confirm the identity of any legal guardian, executor, trustee, authorized trader, or holder of a power of attorney; or (5) if you have any other concerns or are unable to contact me about my Account(s) held with you.
I further agree that: (1) the Trusted Contact Authorization does not impose any obligation that you communicate with my Trusted Contact Person(s); (2) the Trusted Contact Authorization does not authorize the Trusted Contact Person(s) to make any investment decisions or transact any business with you on my behalf; (3) the Trusted Contact Authorization is optional and I may change or withdraw it at any time by notifying you in writing; (4) all named Trusted Contact Person(s) are 18 years of age or older; (5) you are released and discharged from all claims, causes of action, damages, losses, expenses, costs, and liabilities of any kind that may arise out of, relate to, or are in connection with the release of, or failure to release, personal and/or account information to the Trusted Contact Person(s).
Consent to electronic delivery
I understand that I have the option of consenting to the electronic delivery of all information relating to my Account. If I give such consent, I will be authorizing you to deliver all communications to me by the following means: (1) by email at the email address specified by me; (2) by posting the communication on your website; (3) by sending me an email that includes a hyperlink to a website or an address on the Internet where the information is posted, and can be read and printed; and (4) by sending me a notice that directs me to an address on the Internet where the communication is posted and from which it can be read and printed. Such delivery will be an effective delivery to me for the purpose of any Applicable Rules whether or not I access or review the communication. Although I consent to electronic delivery, you may elect to deliver communications by other means which shall not affect my consent. I will notify you of any change in my address. I may revoke my consent to electronic delivery of communications and receive documents on paper. You have a reasonable period to effect such a change and may charge a reasonable fee for sending paper copies.
My use of electronic signatures to sign your documents legally binds me in the same manner as if I had manually signed. The use of an electronic version of these documents fully satisfies any requirement that they be provided to me in writing. If I sign electronically, I represent that I have the ability to access and retain a record of the documents.
You do not guarantee access to the App or your website. Access may be limited or unavailable during periods of peak demand, market volatility, system upgrades, or for other reasons.
You reserve the right to suspend or deny access to the App or to any services available through your website, without prior notice and for any reason.
Use of Futu Programs
I will use the App, as well as any software or other programs you may make available to me, only for lawful purposes and as permitted by this Agreement. I will not transmit any material that violates or infringes upon the rights of others, nor will I transmit material that is obscene, indecent or that would encourage conduct that may give rise to civil or criminal liability. I will not attempt to decompile, reverse engineer, disassemble, modify, republish, license, or create derivative products from the App or any software or other programs that you make available to me through your website or otherwise.
I understand that, while you may make available Third-Party Content from sources that you deem to be reliable, you will not independently verify the accuracy or reliability of any such Third-Party Content and you will have no responsibility to me for any incorrect or misleading information that may be contained in such Third-Party Content.
Use of Market Data
I understand that any market data made available through the App or your website is made available for informational and educational purposes, and is not intended to be a recommendation of any specific investment or investment strategy. I also understand that neither you nor any provider of Third-Party Content makes any representations, warranties, or other guarantees as to the accuracy or timeliness of any market data.
Limitation of Liability
The App and any software or programs made available to me are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis. I understand that you and your affiliates expressly disclaim any implied warranties with respect to the App and such software and programs, including without limitation any implied warranty of fitness for any particular purpose. I further understand and agree that you, your affiliates and any providers of Third-Party Content will not be liable to me or any third party for any indirect, incidental, special, punitive, or consequential losses or damages of any kind with respect to my use of the App or any software or program made available to me through your website or otherwise.
I understand that the App, as well as any software or other programs you may make available to me, incorporate proprietary intellectual property rights owned by you or your affiliates. I agree that my use of the App or such software or programs will not confer any title, ownership interest, or intellectual property rights to me.
Order Routing and Executions
You and/or the Clearing Broker will decide where to route my orders for execution. In making this decision, you are obligated to seek “best execution” on my behalf. You consider a wide variety of factors in determining where to direct my orders, such as execution price, market depth, market efficiency and speed, reliability, order size and characteristics of the security being traded. I may instruct you to execute my order in a specific market, in which case you will follow my instructions and you will not be required to make a best execution determination. Instructions to direct my order to certain market centers could incur additional fees.
Refusal to Accept Orders; Account Restrictions
You reserve the right not to accept the deposit of funds or particular securities into my Accounts and may refuse any of my orders. You also reserve the right to place trading, disbursement, and other restrictions on my Account in accordance with applicable law. You may restrict my Accounts from withdrawals or trading if there is a reasonable suspicion of fraud, diminished capacity, inappropriate activity, or if you receive reasonable notice that the ownership of some or all of the assets in my Accounts is in dispute. I will not hold you liable for any loss I may incur due to your refusal to permit any deposit, withdrawal, or transaction.
While you and the Clearing Broker will seek prompt and best execution of my orders in view of prevailing market conditions, there can be no assurance that I will always receive the best price available. I understand that market volatility may affect the timing and pricing of transactions you or the Clearing Broker effect on my behalf.
Limit orders will only be executed at the specified price or better. However, there is a risk that limit orders will not be executed. Market and stop-market orders may be executed at a price which is less favorable than the best price available in the market.
Payment for Order Flow
You or the Clearing Broker may receive payments from markets for directing orders to them. The source and amount of these payments are available upon written request.
Payment for Securities Purchased
I will pay for any purchase of securities before the settlement date. You reserve the right to require full payment, or an acceptable equity deposit, prior to the acceptance of any order. I will have the required cash, available funds, or equity in my Account prior to the execution and/or settlement of a purchase. or short sale transaction, and the required securities in my Account prior to the execution and/or settlement of a long sale. If I do not have sufficient funds or securities in my Account, you have the right to liquidate or buy in securities at my expense, and I will be responsible for any cost or loss.
Security for Indebtedness
I agree that you will have a continuing security interest in all assets in my Accounts to secure any indebtedness I may have to you. You will have a right of set-off to and lien on such assets, including securities, cash, and other property in my Accounts. Subject to Applicable Rules, and without prior notice to me, you may sell or transfer the assets in my Accounts to satisfy my obligations to you. You also have the discretion to determine which securities and other properties are to be sold and which contracts are to be closed. You have all the rights of a secured party under the Uniform Commercial Code.
All sell orders that I place will be for securities that I own (“long”) in deliverable form at the time I place the order, unless I inform you beforehand that the sell order is a “short” sale. All short sales will be executed in a Margin Account.
When I purchase securities on margin, I am borrowing money from you to pay a portion of the purchase price. To secure my obligation to you, I will pledge all securities and other property in my Accounts as collateral for these loans.
I understand that trading securities on margin involves additional risks, including the following:
- I can lose more funds than I deposit in the Margin Account.
- The use of leverage through a Margin Account increases my exposure and risk in a declining market.
- I will be charged interest on loans made in my Margin Account.
- You can change the maintenance margin requirements for my Margin Account at any time and without prior notice to me.
- If I fail to meet margin calls, you can sell assets in my Accounts. You have the right to decide which assets in my Accounts to sell in order to cover a margin call.
- You do not have to contact me prior to commencing sales to cover a shortfall in my Margin Account.
Initial Margin and Margin Maintenance Requirements
Under federal rules and regulations, the maximum initial margin for most marginable securities is currently 50%. Maintenance margin requirements will vary and I understand you may impose more stringent margin requirements, which may change without notice to me.
You may decline to extend credit to me for any reason and I understand that an initial grant of credit does not mean you will approve additional requests for credit.
Margin Interest Rates
Margin interest rates will vary based upon changes in prevailing short-term interest rates. You or the Clearing Broker will post current interest rates on your or their website. Interest rates may change without prior notice to me.
For each day there is a debit balance in my Accounts, the interest charged for that day is calculated by multiplying the applicable interest rate by my debit balance, with the result divided by 360. The sum of the daily interest charges is totaled at the end of each Account statement period and is posted to my Accounts on the last Business Day of the Account statement period. I will not earn interest on any credit balances in my Accounts.
Short sales may only be executed through my margin Account, and are subject to different margin maintenance requirements than securities purchased on margin. Short sales are subject to additional regulatory requirements and cannot be executed under certain market conditions. You may not always have the securities available to facilitate my short sale. You may, without notice to me, “buy-in” securities to cover any short security position in my Account. I will reimburse you for any losses that you may incur. You may require me to deposit additional assets in my Margin Account if you deem such additional security to be necessary. I understand that I am liable for all dividends paid, and all other distributions of cash or property, on securities that I have sold short.
Pledge of Assets in my Margin Account
You may pledge, repledge, hypothecate, or re-hypothecate, without notice to me, all securities and other property that you hold, carry, or maintain or for any of my margin or short Accounts. The value of the securities and other property that you may pledge, repledge, hypothecate, or re-hypothecate may be greater than the amount I owe you, and any losses, gains, or compensation that result from these activities will not accrue to my Account.
Loan of Securities
You and the Clearing Broker are authorized to lend securities you hold in my Accounts and to carry all securities lent as general loans. In connection with such loans, you may receive compensation and retain certain benefits that I will not be entitled to, such as interest on such loans. I may request that fully paid securities not be used in connection with short sales.
Risks and Suitability
You have advised me that Options trading may involve additional risks and is not suitable for all investors. While some options strategies such as writing covered calls may reduce my market risk, other option strategies such as writing naked puts entail additional market risk. I acknowledge I have received or have been given access to the “Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options” published by the Options Clearing Corporation (OCC) and I have evaluated the risks of trading in options. I understand that it is my responsibility to evaluate the risks and rewards of any specific options strategy and to determine if such strategy is suitable for me.
I am responsible for knowing the rights and terms of all options in my Accounts. I agree to be bound by the FINRA, OCC, and exchange rules applicable to the trading of options contracts.
If my options trading occurs in a Margin Account, it is subject to the terms and conditions applicable to margin trading.
Settlement on options cleared through the OCC is the Business Day after the trade date. I will not exceed the position and exercise limits imposed by the rules of the OCC.
I will advise you if it is my intention to exercise options contracts before the expiration date.
You and the Clearing Broker are authorized to take steps to protect your positions and any obligation you have assumed at my request without notifying me.
If I write (short) a call option contract that requires the delivery of securities to be sold, I may be required to keep the securities in my Account until the expiration of the options period and may not be allowed to sell or withdraw the securities.
If I write (short) a put option contract that requires payment for securities to be purchased, I may be required to keep sufficient funds in my Account to make the payment until the expiration of the options period, and may not be allowed to withdraw the funds or use them for any other purpose.
If any provision of this Agreement is held to be illegal, invalid, or unenforceable, such provisions shall be fully severable. In such event: (1) this Agreement shall be construed and enforced as if such illegal, invalid, or unenforceable provision has never comprised a part of this Agreement or was modified to be legal, valid, and enforceable; and (2) the remaining provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect.
This Agreement, any attachments hereto, the addenda and other agreements referred to in this Agreement and the terms and conditions contained in the Account statements and confirmations contain the entire agreement between you and me. This Agreement supersedes all prior or contemporaneous communications and agreements between you and me.
Assignment and Escheatment
I may not assign this Agreement or any rights or obligations under this Agreement without first obtaining your prior written consent. You may assign, sell, or transfer my Accounts and this Agreement, or any portion thereof, at any time, without my prior consent. The assets in my Accounts may be transferred to the appropriate state if no activity occurs in my Accounts within the time period specified by state law.
You reserve the right to amend this Agreement without prior notice to me or as required by Applicable Rules. The current version of the Agreement will be posted on your website and my continued Account activity after such amendment constitutes my agreement to be bound by all amendments to the Agreement, regardless of whether I have actually reviewed them.
I have the right to close my Accounts at any time and for any reason. You may close my Accounts for any reason, provided that, unless otherwise required by Applicable Rules, you will provide me with notice not less than 30 days prior to closing my Accounts. Following termination, I will remain responsible for the payment of all obligations incurred in my Accounts or otherwise. This Agreement survives the closing of my Accounts.
Subject to Applicable Rules, I agree to indemnify you, as well as your officers, directors, employees, representatives and affiliates (“Futu Indemnified Parties”), and hold each of the Futu Indemnified Parties harmless, from and against any claims, damages, losses, liabilities, costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys' fees and disbursements) incurred by any Futu Indemnified Party as a result of (i) any material breach of this Agreement by me, including breach of my representations contained in the Agreement or (ii) any failure on my part to provide you with correct information about me, my Accounts and my investment objectives. Joint Account holders will be liable on a joint and several basis for any indemnification obligations hereunder.
Subject to specific limitations on liability set forth in this Agreement, you agree to indemnify me and hold me harmless, from and against any claims, damages, losses, liabilities, costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys' fees and disbursements) incurred by me as a result of (i) any material breach of this Agreement by you, including breach of your representations contained in the Agreement or (ii) your gross negligence, willful misconduct, or fraud that has a material adverse effect on me. Your indemnification obligations hereunder will extend to all persons who are identified as Account holders under this Agreement.
You will not be liable for loss caused directly or indirectly by conditions beyond your reasonable control, including but not limited to Force Majeure events. “Force Majeure” means events that are beyond the reasonable control of a party, including but not limited to the following: disasters, extraordinary weather conditions, earthquakes or other acts of God, war, insurrection, riot, labor strikes, terrorist acts, government restrictions, exchange or market rulings, suspension of trading, computer or communication line failure, or failure of market centers or transmission facilities.
Your failure to insist on compliance with any terms of this Agreement will not constitute a waiver of any of your rights.
Governing Law, Jurisdiction, and Venue
This Agreement will be governed by the laws of the State of California, but not its conflicts of law provisions. I hereby consent to the jurisdiction of and venue within the State of California for all disputes arising out of or relating to this Agreement and activity in my Accounts, to the extent that such disputes that are not adjudicated pursuant to the Arbitration provision of this Agreement.